Graduate Level Course Descriptions

Graduate Level Tier II Course Descriptions

G513 Seismology I (3 cr.) P: Mathematics M343 or M313; Physics P222. Earthquakes, propagation of elastic waves, interpretation of seismological data, theory of seismological instruments. (Tier II, Solid-Earth Dynamics)

G514 Geophysical Signal Analysis (3 cr.) P: Physics P222; Mathematics M343 or M313. Construction, analysis, and interpretation of geophysical signals. Filter theory, spectral analysis, signal-to-noise enhancement, transform theory, seismic wave propagation, computer applications. (Tier III)

G534 Dynamic Meteorology: Synoptic to Global Scale (3 cr.) P: MATH M211–M212, PHYS P201 or P221 (P221 recommended), GEOG G304 or G532 or consent of instructor. Introduction to dynamical processes and analysis in the atmosphere. Principles of fluid dynamics and their application to the atmosphere. Basic conservation laws and equations of motion. Circulation and vorticity. Dynamics of synoptic systems: quasigeostrophic analysis; oscillations and waves; baroclinic instability; and cyclogenesis. General circulation. Numerical modeling.

G535 Quaternary Geology (3 cr.) P: G415 or consent of instructor. Characteristics, distribution, and origin of Pleistocene and recent deposits; stratigraphy and chronology; formation of associated landforms, landscapes, paleosols, and soils; Quaternary environments. (Tier II, Environmental Geoscience)

G537 Synoptic Meteorology and Climatology (3 cr.) P: G304 or G532 or consent of instructor. Analysis and prediction of synoptic scale weather systems, emphasizing the mid-latitudes. Other topics covered include severe weather and atmospheric/ oceanic teleconnections.

G538 Air Pollution Meteorology (3 cr.) P: G304 or G532 or consent of instructor. Analysis of the physical laws that govern the transport, transformation, and removal of atmospheric pollutants. Primary emphasis will be on physical and chemical processes, although biological impacts will also be considered.

G540 Physical Meteorology and Climatology CASE N&M P: Any introductory science course or consent of instructor. Topics span all the scales of atmospheric processes—from climate change to weather forecasting and surface energy budgets. Students are introduced to the physical processes and properties of the atmosphere. Skills used to study and quantify atmospheric processes, such as the use of models and remote sensing, are also developed.

G548 Sustainable Energy Systems (3 cr.) Examination of current energy use and the role of renewable energy resources in meeting future demand. The course covers the physical and technological basis for geothermal, wind, solar, hydro, and marine energy in addition to the environmental, economic, and social impacts of developing and utilizing these sustainable resources.

G549 Field Geology and Paleoanthropology in Tanzania (6 cr.) N&M CASE The 6-week Summer I course will provide hands-on experience in field geology and paleoanthropology of the Olduvai Gorge site situated on the flanks of East African Rift Valley in northern Tanzania. The course topics include sedimentology, stratigraphy, Geomorphology, volcanology, tectonics, paleontology, archaeology, taphonomy and field techniques such as lithic technology, excavations, mapping and surveys. Students will have an opportunity to learn basic Swahili, local cultures and interact with the pastoral communities such as Maasai at Olduvai area.
Course Website

G550 Surface Water Hydrology (3 cr.) P: G451 and M216, or consent of instructor. Mechanics of surface runoff and open channel flow. Rainfall-runoff equations, probability analysis of stream flow, and watershed simulation models. Chemistry of surface waters and stream pollution. (Tier II, Environmental Geoscience)

G551 Advanced Hydrogeology (3 cr.) P: G451. Basic principles and quantitative aspects of physical flow systems and chemistry of ground water and surface water. The relationships between water and geologic materials. (Tier II, Environmental Geoscience)

G553 Gravitational and Magnetic Field Analysis (2 cr.) P: G413; Mathematics M343 or M313; Physics P222. Potential field theory and its application in interpretation of gravity and magnetic fields. (Tier II)

G554 Fundamentals of Plate Tectonics (3 cr.) P: graduate standing in geology or consent of instructor. Synthesis of observations from diverse disciplines of geology leading to the development of modern plate tectonic theory. Applications of plate tectonic principles to fundamental problems of continental and marine geology. (Tier II)

G556 Wind Power Meteorology (3 cr.) P: G304, G362 or consent of instructor. The science of wind power meteorology will be explained with a focus on practical elements of how to measure wind resources, estimate wind turbine loads and wind turbine siting. The class is divided into a lecture and laboratory type format with project work.

G564 Dynamic Meteorology: Boundary–Layer Meteorology (3 cr.) P: G304, G107 or G109 or consent of instructor. The atmospheric-boundary layer is the interface between the free atmosphere and the surface. Basic meteorological theory for processes in the atmospheric boundary-layer that scale from the microscale to the mesoscale. Aerodynamic and energy budget concepts. Development and application of boundary-layer models and associated parameterizations. Lecture and laboratory format.

G570 Micrometeorology (3 cr.) P: G304 or G532, MATH M211-M212, or consent of instructor. Atmospheric processes at the micro and local scale. Topics include energy and mass exchange over simple non-vegetated surfaces, vegetated surfaces, non-uniform terrain, and inadvertent climate modification.

G574 Topics in Micro– and Boundary–Layer Meteorology (3 cr.) P: G570, MATH M211-M212, PHYS P201 or P221 (P221 recommended), or consent of instructor. Topics may include surface-vegetationatmosphere interaction; dynamics of turbulent transport; boundary-layer dynamics; turbulent kinetic energy and stability; dimensional analysis and similarity theory; effects of surface inhomogeneity on boundary-layer dynamics; patchiness; urbanization; regional aggregation of surface atmosphere exchange; applications to mesoscale modeling and air pollution dispersion modeling.

G576 Climate Change Science (3 cr.) P: At least two undergraduate courses in the physical sciences or consent of instructor. Evidence for and theories of climate change over a range of time scales. Sources of natural climate forcing are presented, historical evolution of climate change is quantified, and model tools and climate projections are presented along with analyses of climate change impacts.

G590 Art of Geological Science (1 cr.) P: Graduate standing in Geological Sciences. Introductory seminar for incoming graduate students in Geological Sciences (also open to continuing graduate students). The course is designed to help students in making the transition from undergraduate student to professional scientific researcher, focusing on some of the practical skills that are required for success as a research scientist, including issues of scientific ethics, strategic planning of research goals, scientific communication, career planning, and science and public policy.

G601 Clay Mineralogy (3 cr.) P: consent of instructor. Composition, structure, properties, methods of identification, and origin and distribution of clay minerals. (Tier II)

Graduate Level Tier III Course Descriptions

G501 Sedimentary Processes and Environments (3 cr.) P: graduate standing. Origin and controls of facies distribution in sedimentary systems. Field study of selected ancient facies systems. (Tier III)

G503 Phase Equilibria (3 cr.) P or concurrent: C360, G406, or consent of instructor. Thermodynamic functions and conditions of equilibria in unary, binary, ternary, and multicomponent systems. Mixing properties of crystalline solutions. Chemical potential and activity diagrams. (Tier III)

G504 Metamorphic Petrology (3 cr.) P: G418, G503. The evolution of mineral assemblages and compositions during prograde metamorphism. Reaction mechanisms. Effect of fluid composition on mineral assemblages. Theoretical basis and description of various projection schemes. Appraisal of selected experimental studies. (Tier III)

G506 Principles of Igneous Petrology (3 cr.) P: G418. Origin, composition, classification, phase relationships, and distribution of igneous rocks; economic considerations. Emphasis on province, associations, and facies type. (Tier III)

G509 Theoretical Geochemistry (4 cr.) P: C360, C361, P340, or G406 or the equivalent; consent of instructor. Thermodynamics and solution chemistry as tools in geochemistry; designed for students planning advanced work or research in geochemistry. (Tier III)

G515 Analysis of Earthquake Seismograms (1 cr.) P: G413. Analysis of local, regional, and teleseismic phases recorded on the Indiana University long- and short-period seismographs. Use of seismic records to determine earthquake source parameters, deep earth structure, and near-station structure. Surface wave dispersion and structure of the lithosphere. (Tier III)

G521 Micropaleontology (3 cr.) P: G404 or G411 or advanced standing in biological sciences. Morphology, biology, ecology, biostratigraphy, and phylogenetic relationships of fossils within the kingdoms Monera and Protista. Course will survey the common fossil groups including cyanobacteria, diatoms, dinoflagellates, acritarchs, foraminifera, and radiolaria. Offered in alternate years. (Tier III)

G524 Carbonate Facies and Environments (2 cr.) P: graduate standing. Carbonate environments from modern and ancient examples (including subsurface). Various ramp and platform margin depositional models. Emphasis on types and origin of facies. Current and classical literature on carbonates. (Tier III)

G561 Paleoecology (3 cr.) P: G334 and G404 or G411. Relationships between modern and fossil organisms and their physical, chemical, and biological environments; emphasis on techniques for interpreting past environmental conditions. (Tier III)

G562 Geometric Morphometrics (3 cr.) Taught every other spring semester (2012, 2014, 2016) Practical, applied introduction to geometric morphometric analysis of shape. Students learn to collect, analyze, and interpret geometric morphometric data. Shape theory and methods are covered, including Procrustes superimposition and its statistical implications, analysis of curves and outlines, and Monte Carlo modeling of shape. | Course website

G563 Evolutionary Paleontology (3 cr.) Taught every other spring semester (2013, 2015, 2017) To introduce practical applications of quantitative analysis as they relate to paleontology. Emphasis will be on learning to analyze diversity through time, to analyze diversity in space, to analyze morphological disparity, to analyze and map morphological traits, and to reconstruct phylogenetic relationships. Special skills include learning Mathematica, bootstrapping and randomization methods, phylogenetic analysis, relational databases and GIS as they applies to paleontology. | Course website

G571 Principles of Petroleum Geology (3 cr.) P: G323. Origin, geochemistry, migration, and accumulation of petroleum; reservoir rocks; types of entrapment; exploration procedures and their rationale; methods and devices for data gathering and detection. (Tier III) More Info

G572 Basin Analysis and Hydrocarbons (3 cr.) P: G323 and G334. Modern concepts of tectonics and sedimentary basin analysis. Geologic application of geophysical logs and seismic stratigraphy to basin analysis, facies distribution, and structural style in a variety of basin types with specific examples from around the world. Techniques of hydrocarbon assessment in basinal settings. (Tier III)

G582 Computational Methods in Geology ((3 cr) P: M211-M212 or equivalent. Students will develop numerical solutions to ordinary and partial differential equations which describe a wide variety of geologic processes which could include fluid flow, heat transfer, sediment transport, seismic wave propagation through elastic solids, isotopic fluid-rock interactions.

G583 Isotope Systematics (3 cr) Introduction to the theory and application of radiogenic and stable isotopes to a variety of subdisciplines in the earth sciences. Topics include geochronology, tracers, mass balance, hydrology and environmental applications, water-rock interaction, and biogeochemical cycles.

G424/G584 Geological Applications of GIS (3 cr.) p: G584. Geologic map reading proficiency; basic computer skills. Concepts and implementation of Geographic Information System (GIS) and Global Positioning System (GPS) technologies are introduced during intensive laboratory sessions. Field work, conducted in the Griffy Woods Indiana University Research and Teaching Preserve, involves mapping of pertinent features using GPS units followed by additional data collection aimed at attributing specific mapped features. Field work is integrated with existing base data using GIS software; spatial analysis concepts are introduced and used to solve geologic problems. Sem II, Second 8-week intensive session. Meets with G424. (Tier III)

G586 Geochemical Modeling (3 cr) P: C360, C361, P340, or G406 or the equivalent; consent of instructor. Introduces students to the theories and applications of geochemical modelling. Students will have the opportunity to acquire hands-on experience with popular geochemical codes.

G587 Organic Geochemistry (3 cr.) P: consent of instructor. Application of organic geochemical methods in determining origins of fossil fuels and in defining biological and environmental histories of rocks. (Tier III)

G589 Geomicrobiology (3 cr.) P: consent of instructor. (Tier III) Geomicrobiology provides graduate students with an introduction to the diversity and physiology of microbes in soil, sediment, lake, ocean and groundwater environments. Particular attention is given to theories regarding the origin of microbial life on Earth and to studies of adaptations in extreme environments on Earth and potentially on other planetary bodies. The first six week focus on cell structure, metabolic pathways, and genetic classification of microbes in order to build a conceptual framework and technical vocabulary.  During the second six weeks, lectures are integrated with group discussion of recently published journal articles.  The final two weeks are reserved for student presentations on topics related to their individual research interests.

G591 Physical Sedimentology (3 cr.) P: G415, G501 or equivalent. Dynamics of fluid flow, hydraulics of sediment transport, interaction of physical processes in depositional environments. Field study of selected modern depositional environments. (Tier III)

G592 Chemical Sedimentology (3 cr.) P: G509, G418, or consent of instructor. Study of low-temperature (<300 C) mineral assemblages in order to infer their chemical conditions of formation. (Tier III)

G600 Advanced Techniques (cr. arr.)* P: consent of instructor. Training in special geologic methods such as exploration seismology, experimental petrology, X-ray spectroscopy, electron probe microanalysis, isotopic and organic mass spectrometry.

G600 Electron Microprobe Analysis (2 cr) Course provides a theoretical background to an understanding of electron microprobe analysis, with emphasis on actual hands-on training for running the SX50 electron microprobe for routine image and chemical analyses of solid geological samples.

G600 Practical Geobiology Practical training in the daily working methods of geobiologists, including processing loans and curatorial duties with official IU Collections specimens, database development, identifying fossils for non-specialists, preparing laboratory sessions utilizing fossils, learning software, instrumentation and equipment, and laboratory processing of specimens.

G612 Inverse Methods in Geophysics (2 cr.) P: Mathematics M301, M303, or equivalent. Mathematical techniques to infer the properties of the deep interior of the earth from geophysical data and to appraise the reliability of the results. Theory of generalized inverses in finite dimensional vector spaces and Hilbert space. Resolving power of data. Nonlinear inverse methods. (Tier III)

G613 Seismology II (3 cr.) P: G513. Theory of wave propagation in layered elastic media: Lamb's problem, Cagnaird's method, and propagator matrices. Body force equivalents and the moment tensor representation of seismic sources. Additional selected topics. (Tier III)

G616 Metalliferous Mineral Deposits (3 cr.) P: G416 and G406, or equivalent. Geological processes controlling ore deposition. Application of stable and radioactive isotopes, fluid inclusions, and thermodynamics to the study of ore deposits. Laboratory study of opaque minerals using reflected light microscopy. (Tier III)

G617 Geochemical Exploration (3 cr.) P: G416. Application of geochemical methods in the search for mineral deposits, including analytical techniques, migration of elements, data interpretation, and field problems. Lecture and laboratory. (Tier III)

G626 Industrial Minerals (3 cr.) P: G416. Origin, mode of occurrence, distribution, and uses of mineral commodities other than ores and fuels. Geology of the rocks and minerals used for building materials, chemical raw materials, refractories, fillers, abrasives, fertilizers, fluxes, insulation, filtering agents, and pigments. (Tier III)

G633 Advanced Geophysics Seminar (1-3 cr.; S-F grading) P: consent of instructor. Selected topics in earth physics. (Tier III)

G637 Seminar in Tectonics (1 cr.) P: consent of instructor. Multidisciplinary seminar focusing on regional-scale deformation of the earth's lithosphere. (Tier III)

G685 Evolution of Ecosystems (3 cr.) Advanced analysis of large-scale, cohesive environmental influences on ecosystem development and persistence through the rock record. Emphasis is on paleoecologic grouping at community and higher levels. Analytical methods include synthesis of published numerical, geochemical and sedimentological models. Syllabus

G690 Thermochronology and Crustal Evolution (3 cr.) This class covers fundamental concepts and new developments in the broad field of thermochronology, the study of the thermal evolution of Earth’s crust and mantle. Thermochronologic methods analyze the competition between radioactive decay and temperature-dependent loss of radiogenic isotopes within radioactive mineral hosts in terms of temperature-time history. This course focuses on low-temperature thermochronometers and cosmochronometers (40Ar/39Ar, fission track, (U-Th)/He, and cosmogenic nuclide methods) to study the lithosphere and surface processes involved in tectonics, sedimentary basins, and landscape evolution.

G690 Olduvai Gorge Research Seminar (1 cr.) A graduate seminar focusing on research readings and discussion about Olduvai Gorge, exploring its geological history in relation to the development of continental rifting and its influence on records of environmental change and hominid evolution. The course will use the published scientific literature as a foundation for discussion of course topics, augmented by recently published articles, both student and instructor selected, and with presentations and student-led discussions on results from research activities centered in Bloomington.

G690 Sedimentary Archives of Foreland Basin Systems (1 or 2 cr.) Foreland basins form in diverse convergent plate settings and exhibit a wide variety of stratigraphic character in shape, size, composition, and evolution. Some sedimentary basin features are diagnostic of end-member types, while other basin features reflect the unique geologic history and processes operating in a given place and time. This seminar will focus on the stratigraphic records and sedimentary processes of foreland basin systems and the regional geodynamics of associated fold-and-thrust belts.

G490/690 Summer Field Course in Geoarchaeological Methods (3 credits) Join our field team as we learn about rockshelter formation, 10,000+ years of human occupation, and environmental change. Interested students should fill out an application form. During our 3-week, 3-credit field course we will introduce graduate and undergraduate students to geoarchaeological methods through hands-on work at the Rockhouse Hollow Rockshelter in the Hoosier National Forest (Perry County, southern Indiana).

PARTICIPANTS: Undergraduate and Graduate Students interested in sediments, stratigraphy, past environments, and rockshelter formation processes. PREREQUISITES: Students are required to have taken an introductory class in geology or archaeology. Mapping skills are beneficial, but not required.

G700 Geologic Problems (1-5 cr.)* P: consent of instructor. Consideration of special geological problems.