Undergraduate Major Course Descriptions

G308 Paleontology and Geology of Indiana (3 cr.) Taught every other fall semester (2012, 2014, 2016) Paleontology and geology with a regional focus, emphasizing life, the sedimentary record, changing paleo-environments, and the origin of Indiana’s modern landscape, biota, and natural resources. Includes fossil identification and analyses of paleontological data. | Course website

G323 Structural Geology (3 cr.) N&M CASE P: G104 or G112. P or C: G222. Geometry and origin of folds, faults, joints, and cleavage. Modes and principles of rock deformation. Regional tectonics of selected fold-mountain systems. Laboratory and field trip. I Sem.

G328 Energy, Resources, and the Environment (3 cr.) N&M CASE P: Students without a prior college-level science or mathematics course must seek consent of instructor. Introduction to energy supply and demand using a scientific basis for understanding interactions between energy usage, the production of electricity, and the environment. Focuses on the relationships between energy resources, climate change, and the need to provide electricity and fuel in an environmentally sustainable manner.

G332 Atmospheric Thermodynamics (3 cr.) Earth’s weather and climate are controlled by how heat and moisture move in the atmosphere. In this course, students learn and apply the basic physical laws that govern those processes. Topics include thermodynamic laws, principles of atmospheric stability, phase changes of water, nucleation of cloud droplets and the growth of clouds, and the use of common meteorological tools and data to interpret cloud and precipitation behavior.

G334 Principles of Sedimentology and Stratigraphy (4 cr.) P: G222. Interrelationship of sedimentation and stratigraphy; processes and factors influencing genesis of sedimentary strata; provenance, depositional environment, sedimentary facies, paleoecology; analytical techniques; application of principles of interpretation of stratigraphic record. Laboratory study of sediments and sedimentary rocks. II Sem.

G339 Weather Analysis and Forecasting (3 cr.) N&M CASE P: G109 or G107 or consent of instructor. Analysis and interpretation of meteorological data with a focus on forecasting applications for the mid–latitudes. Students learn the practical skills that weather forecasters use. Credit given for only one of G339 or GEOG–G 339.

G340 Physical Meteorology and Climatology N&M CASE P: Any introductory science course or consent of instructor. Topics span multiple scales of atmospheric processes including past/recent/projected climate change, weather forecasting, severe weather, and surface energy budgets. Students gain knowledge concerning physical processes and properties of Earth’s atmosphere and acquire skills used to study and quantify atmospheric processes through problem solving with models and remote sensing data. Credit given for only one of G340 or GEO–G 304.

G341 The Natural History of Coral Reefs (3 cr.) N&M CASE Introduction to principles of Biology, Ecology, and Geology of coral reef ecosystems. P: 100-level geology, biology or natural history course recommended or consent of instructor. COLL (CASE) N&M Breadth of Inquiry credit. The course will address the evolutionary history of reef ecosystems through geologic time inclusive of reef composition and global distribution, modern reef development, conservation and management practices, and the persistence of the reef ecosystem through climate change scenarios. We will cover biologic, ecologic, and geologic principles as they pertain to coral reef ecosystems. | Course website

G347 Atmospheric Instrumentation and Remote Sensing (3 cr.) N&M CASE P: G340 or GEOG-G304 or consent of instructor. Discusses the need to quantify atmospheric variables and processes. Introduces the principles of atmospheric measurement including sampling strategies, instrumentation, and the inverse problem. Radiative transfer theory is described. Research projects include the use of field, radar, and remotely sensed data to investigate weather and climate processes.

G364 Atmospheric Dynamics I (3 cr.) N&M CASE P: G340 or G122; or one of GEOG–G304, G109, or G107; or consent of instructor. Equations of motion and their approximation, scale analysis for the atmosphere and the ocean. Conservation properties. Fluid motion in the atmosphere and oceans. Circulation and vorticity, geostrophic motion and the gradient wind balance. Turbulence and Ekman Layers.

GEOL X371 Teaching Internship in Geology (3 cr.)

GEOL X-377 Field Geology and Paleoanthropology in Tanzania (6 cr.) N&M CASE The 6-week Summer I course will provide hands-on experience in field geology and paleoanthropology of the Olduvai Gorge site situated on the flanks of East African Rift Valley in northern Tanzania. The course topics include sedimentology, stratigraphy, Geomorphology, volcanology, tectonics, paleontology, archaeology, taphonomy and field techniques such as lithic technology, excavations, mapping and surveys. Students will have an opportunity to learn basic Swahili, local cultures and interact with the pastoral communities such as Maasai at Olduvai area.
Course Website

G399 Reading for Honors (12 cr. max.) P: approval of departmental honors advisor. I Sem., II Sem.

G404 Geobiology (3 cr.) N&M CASE P: G334 and Biology L111 or L112. Taught every other fall semester (2011, 2013, 2015, 2017) Geobiology is the application of biological principals and fossils to the study of earth history. This course covers vertebrate morphology, phylogeny, taxonomy, evolution, biomechanics, biogeography, and paleoenvironments, and stratigraphic history. Labs focus on practical skills in osteology, functional interpretation, phylogenetic reconstruction, functional morphometrics, scanning, and analysis of data sets. | Course Website

G406 Introduction to Geochemistry (3 cr.) P: G222, Mathematics M212 or M216, and Chemistry C106; or consent of instructor. Chemistry in the study of the earth, employing elementary chemical thermodynamics, the phase rule, chemical equilibria, redox reactions, the radioactive decay law, and organic chemistry. II Sem.

G411 Invertebrate Paleontology (3 cr.) P: Junior standing and consent of advisor. Application of biological principles and use of fossils in the study of Earth’s history; origin of life and the early fossil record; evolution; approaches of taxonomy; chemistry of fossils; ecology of ancient life; use of fossils to measure geologic time.  Prerequisites:  L105 and G334. May be taken concurrently with G334 Sedimentation and Stratigraphy. Field and laboratory research in selected problems in geology. May be repeated for a maximum of 6 credit hours. I Sem., II Sem., SS. | Course website

G412 Introduction to Vertebrate Paleontology (2-3 cr.) Fossil record, comparative morphology, phylogeny, biogeography, and paleoecology of the major vertebrate groups. Functional modifications of the vertebrate skeleton for existence in various aquatic and terrestrial environments. Laboratory study of recent and fossil osteological specimens. Field trip to a museum with a major vertebrate paleontology collection.

G415 Principles of Geomorphology (3 cr.) P: G222; college chemistry and mathematics or consent of instructor. Natural processes that form landscapes, surficial geologic materials and soils. Physics and chemistry of weathering. Dynamics of streams, wind, waves, glacier ice, and mass movement. Interactions of geomorphology and environment. I Sem.

G416 Economic Geology (3 cr.) P: G334; Chemistry C106–C126 or consent of instructor. Geologic occurrence and genesis of economic mineral deposits, including petroleum and coal. Introduction to mining, processing, and exploration methods. Two lectures and one 2–hour laboratory per week. II Sem.

G417 Optical Mineralogy (3 cr.) N&M CASE Use of crystal optics and the petrographic microscope to identify minerals, textures, rocks, and mineral reactions in thin sections of rock. Two 3–hour lecture/lab meetings per week or one lecture and two 2–hour lab meetings per week if taught as a 15–week class, or an equivalent schedule if taught as an 8–week class. I or II Sem.

G418 Igneous and Metamorphic Petrology (3 cr.) P: G222 or equivalent. The petrogenesis of igneous and metamorphic rocks. Both the lecture and laboratory portions of the course stress the application of modern petrographic, mineralogic, geochemical, and phase equilibria techniques to the solution of relevant petrologic problems. Two lectures and one two-hour laboratory meeting per week. II Sem.

G420 Regional Geology Field Trip (1–2 cr.) P: GEOL–G 222 (323 Recommended); Authorization or consent of instructor.

G423 Methods in Applied Geophysics (4 cr.) P: G413 or equivalent. Application of geophysical principles to field and laboratory experiments, with emphasis on data acquisition, analysis, and geologic interpretation. Experiments include earthquake seismology, electrical resistivity, magnetic and gravity surveys, and reflection and refraction seismology. II Sem.

G427 Introduction to X–ray Mineralogy (3 cr.) P: G221. Theory and practice of X–ray powder diffraction. Measurement and analysis of digital diffractometer data, including profile fitting and Rietveld refinement, with applications to geological, environmental, and structural–chemical problems. Two lectures and one 2–hour laboratory per week. II Sem.

G429 Field Geology in the Rocky Mountains (6 cr.) N&M CASE P: G222, G323. Six weeks, including five weeks at the Geologic Field Station in Montana. Geologic reconnaissance, measurement of stratigraphic sections, mapping on aerial photographs, construction of structure sections. Regional geomorphology, stratigraphy, and structure through South Dakota, the Black Hills, Wyoming, Montana, Yellowstone Park, and Glacier Park. SS.
Course Website

G434 Dynamic Meteorology: Synoptic to Global Scales (3 cr.) N&M CASE P: G340 or GEOG–G 304. R: G339 or GEOG–G339, MATH M211–M212, and PHYS P221. Introduction to dynamical processes at the synoptic to global scales. Principles of fluid dynamics and thermodynamics and their application to the atmosphere. Basic conservation laws and equations of motion. Topics covered also include planetary waves and blocking mechanisms, teleconnections, and the global general circulation. Credit given for only one of G434 or GEOG–G 431.

G437 Advanced Synoptic Meteorology and Climatology (3 cr.) N&M CASE P: G339 or G340, or GEOG–G304 or G339; or consent of instructor. Analysis and prediction of synoptic scale weather systems, emphasizing the mid-latitudes. Other topics include severe weather and atmospheric/oceanic teleconnections. Credit given for only one of G437 or GEOG–G 433.

G438 Air Pollution Meteorology (3 cr.) N&M CASE P: G340 or GEOG–G 304, or consent of instructor. Analysis of the physical laws that govern the transport, transformation, and removal of atmospheric pollutants. Primary emphasis will be on physical and chemical processes, although biological impacts also will be considered. Credit given for only one of G438 or GEOG–G 434.

G448 Sustainable Energy Systems (3 cr.) N&M CASE P: Junior standing or consent of instructor. Examination of current energy use and the role of renewable energy resources in meeting future demand. Covers the physical and technological basis for geothermal, wind, solar, hydro and marine energy, in addition to the environmental, economic, and social impacts of developing and utilizing these sustainable resources.

G451 Principles of Hydrogeology (3 cr.) P: C106, M212 or M216, and consent of instructor. Physical and chemical properties of water; chemical equilibria and stable isotopes in groundwaters; acid drainage, landfills, and agricultural pollution; Darcy's Law, fluid potential, unsaturated flow; fluid and aquifer properties affecting groundwater flow; fluid mass-balance equation and its application; contaminant transport. I Sem.

G454 Fundamentals of Plate Tectonics (3 cr.) N&M CASE P: G 323, G 334 or consent of instructor. COLL Intensive Writing section COLL (CASE) N&M Breadth of Inquiry credit. Synthesis of observations from diverse disciplines of geology leading to the development of modern plate tectonic theory. Applications of plate tectonic principles to fundamental problems of continental and marine geology. Meets jointly with G554.

G456 Wind Power Meteorology (3 cr.) P: G340 and G364, or GEOG–G304 and GEOG–G362, or consent of instructor. Explains the science of wind power meteorology with a focus on practical elements, such as how to measure wind resources, estimate wind turbine loads, and optimize wind turbine siting. Lecture and lab format with project work. Credit given for only one of G456 or GEOG–G455.

G466 Hydrometeorology (3 cr.) N&M CASE P: G304. Hydrometeorology is a branch of meteorology that deals with problems involving the hydrologic cycle, the water budget, and the rainfall statistics of storms. This course provides an understanding of the hydrologic cycle with a focus on transfer of water into the atmosphere (evapotranspiration), thermodynamics (phase transfer) cloud processes, precipitation processes and linkages to flooding, streamflow and soil moisture. Credit given for only one of G470 or GEOG–G 405.

G470 Micrometeorology (3 cr.) N&M CASE P: G340 or GEOG–G304, MATH M211–M212, or consent of instructor. Atmospheric processes at the micro and local scale. Topics include energy and mass exchange over simple non–vegetated surfaces, vegetated surfaces, non–uniform terrain, and inadvertent climate modification. Credit given for only one of G470 or GEOG–G 470.

G474 Topics in Micro and Boundary Layer Meteorology (3 cr.) N&M CASE Prerequisites: G470 or GEOG–G 470, MATH–M 211–M212, PHYS–P 201 or P221 (P221 recommended); or consent of instructor. Topics may include surface–vegetation–atmosphere interaction, dynamics of turbulent transport, boundary layer dynamics, turbulent kinetic energy and stability, dimensional analysis and similarity theory, effects of surface inhomogeneity on boundary layer dynamics, patchiness, urbanization, regional aggregation of surface atmosphere exchange, applications to mesoscale modeling, and air pollution dispersion modeling. Credit given for only one of G474 or GEOG–G 471.

G476 Climate Change Science (3 cr.) N&M CASE P:At least two undergraduate physical science courses or consent of instructor. Evidence for and theories of climate change over a range of time scales. Sources of natural climate forcing are presented, historical evolution of climate change is quantified, and model tools and climate projections are presented along with analyses of climate change impacts. Credit given for only one of G476 or GEOG–G 475.

G490/G690 Volcanology (3 cr.) P: G222 or equivalent. Taught in alternate years. Overview of the field of physical and chemical volcanology, including the pre-, syn-, and post-eruption volcanic processes at a range of active volcanoes, from effusive to explosive, with special emphasis on monitoring of active volcanoes. The course may include a ten-day field trip to Hawaii’s Kilauea Volcano during Spring Break.

G490/690 Summer Field Course in Geoarchaeological Methods (3 cr.) Join our field team as we learn about rockshelter formation, 10,000+ years of human occupation, and environmental change! Interested students should fill out an application form.

During our 3-week field course we will introduce graduate and undergraduate students to geoarchaeological methods through hands-on work at the Rockhouse Hollow Rockshelter in the Hoosier National Forest (Perry County, southern Indiana).

PARTICIPANTS: Undergraduate and Graduate Students interested in sediments, stratigraphy, past environments, and rockshelter formation processes. PREREQUISITES: Students are required to have taken an introductory class in geology or archaeology. Mapping skills are beneficial, but not required.

GEOL X498 Undergraduate Research in Geology (1-6 cr.) P: junior standing and consent of advisor. Field and laboratory research in selected problems in geology. May be repeated for a maximum of 6 credit hours. I Sem., II Sem., SS.

G499 Honors Research in Geology (1-6 cr.) P: approval of departmental honors advisor. May be repeated for a maximum of 6 credit hours. I Sem., II Sem., SS.