Indiana University Bloomington

Haydn H. Murray

Haydn H. Murray

Professor Emeritus

Economic Geology, Clays, and Industrial Minerals

Office:   GY117
Phone:   812-855-5583
Email:   murrayh@indiana.edu

Educational Background

  • Ph.D., 1951, University of Illinois
  • M.S., 1950, University of Illinois
  • B.S., 1948, University of Illinois

Research Interests

My research activities are concentrated on the genesis and industrial applications of clay minerals, particularly kaolins, smectites, and palygorskite. At present, I am involved in the study and development of a large palygorskite deposit in China. In addition, I am continually working on the kaolins from Georgia and adjusting my ideas on its environments of deposition and the effect of diagenesis and post-depositional alterations due to ground water. Also, I am involved in exploration for a bauxite in Brazil or Suriname with a specific alumina, silica and iron content.

Current projects:

Analysis of the adsorption of alfatoxins and related toxins on the mixed bentonite and palygorskite located in China.

Locating palygorskite, calcium bentonite, lime, and phosphate deposits for a new product to be used for the adsorption of specific chemicals for controlling microbial activity in swine, dairy cattle, chickens, turkeys, and other livestock.

Analysis of clays used in ancient Greece on the Argive Plain in the Middle and Late Hellenic periods of the Greek Bronze Age. Collaborator: Dr. Christine Shriner, Research Associate in the Clay Lab.

Representative Publications

"Regional and International Changes - Industrial Clay", SME Annual Meeting. Denver, Colorado, 2009.

"Laboratory Evaluation of Industrial Clays Prior to Processing", SME Annual Meeting, Denver, Colorado, 2009.

"Palygorskite (Attapulgite) in Central China", SME Annual Meeting, Denver, Colorado, 2009.

"Adsorption of Toxins by a Mixture of Montorillonite and Palygorskite".  Clay Minerals Society, New Orleans, Louisiana, 2008. 

"Historical Review - Georgia Kaolin Industry - Geology of Industrial Minerals", Forum for Industrial Minerals, Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, 2008.

Murray, H.H. (2007) Applied Clay Mineralogy, Elsevier, Developments in Clay Science 2, 180 pp.

Murray, H.H. (2007) Overview on the Future of Industrial Minerals, SME Preprint, Denver, CO, 3 pp.

Murray, H.H., et al. (2007) Mining, Processing and Applications of the Capim Basin Kaolin, Brazil, Clay Minerals 42, pp. 145-151.

Murray, H.H. (2006) Industrial Clays of the Midwestern United States, Proceedings of the 40th Forum on the Geology of Industrial Minerals, pp. 137-140.

Murray, H.H. (2006) Clays, Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry, 31 pp.

Murray, H.H. (2006) Current Industrial Applications of Clays, Clay Science 12, Supplement 2, pp. 106-112.

Murray, H.H. and H. Zhou (2006) Palygorskite and Sepiolite (Hormite) in Industrial Minerals and Rocks, 7th edition, J.E. Kogel, et al., editors, SME, pp. 401-406.

Harvey, C.C. and H.H. Murray (2006) Clays - An Overview, in Industrial Minerals and Rocks, 7th edition, J.E. Kogel, et al., editors, SME, pp. 335-342.

Keith, K.S. and H.H. Murray (2006) Common Clays and Shales, in Industrial Minerals and Rocks, 7th edition, J.E. Kogel, et al., editors, SME, pp. 369-371.

Murray, H.H. (2005) Analyses of Hydrothermal Bentonite Deposit in Nevada, SME Preprint 05-57.

Murray, H.H. (2005) A Hydrothermal Bentonite Sampling Protocol, SME Preprint 05-55.

Murray, H.H. and J.E. Kogel (2005) Engineered Clay Products for the Paper Industry, Applied Clay Science 29, p. 199-206.

Murray, H.H. (2005) Clay Sorbents: The Mineralogy, Processing and Applications, Acta Geodyn Geomater 2, pp. 127-134.

Murray, H.H., Clays in Industry: (2003). Proceedings of the 12 th International Clay Conference, editors Dominguez, Mas, and Cravero. Elsevier, Amsterdam, Netherlands, pp. 3-14.

Shriner, C.M. and Murray, H.H., The Applications of Clay Mineralogical Analysis to the Reconstruction of a Greek Bronze Age Coastal Environment: (2003). Proceedings of the 12th International Clay Conference, editors, Dominguez, Mas, and Cravero, Elsevier, Amsterdam, Netherlands, pp. 163-170.

Wilson, I.R., Murray, H.H., MacGillivary, C. and Keating, J., Geology and Evaluation of the Yarmouth Kaolin Deposit, Nova Scotia, Canada: (2003). Proceedings of the 12 th International Clay Conference, editors Dominguez, Mas, and Cravero, Elsevier, Amsterdam, Netherlands, pp. 355-360.

Zhou, H. and Murray, H.H., Geology and Physical Properties of Palygorskite from Central China and Southeastern United States: (2003). Proceedings of the 12 th International Clay Conference, editors Dominguez, Mas, and Cravero, Elsevier, Amsterdam, Netherlands, pp. 369-375.

Murray, H.H., Processing Kaolins and Ball Clays for Ceramic Markets: (2001). Science of Whiteware VI, American Ceramic Society, W.M. Carty and C.W. Simton, editors, p. 13-22.

Murray, H.H., Traditional and New Applications for Kaolin, Smectite, and Palygorskite: A general overview: (2000). Applied Clay Science 17, p. 207-221.

Murray, H.H., Clays: (2000). Chapter in Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry, 6th ed., Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH, D-69469 Weinheim,30 p.

Service

In October 2003, I was elected to the National Academy of Engineering, the highest honor awarded to engineers. I am in Section 11, which is Earth Resources Engineering. Another honor which I was awarded in May 2004, was an Honorary Doctor of Science Degree from Indiana University, which I was extremely pleased to receive because it was from my peers at the University. Also, I received the 2003 Department of Geology Alumni Achievement Award from the University of Illinois. In 2006, I was elected to serve as vice-chair of the Peer Evaluation Committee in Section 11, Earth Resources Engineering and in 2008 I will chair this Peer Committee. In 2008, I will present a paper at the Annual Clay Minerals Society meeting on the adsorption of toxins on the surface of smectite and palygorskite.