Indiana University Bloomington

Chen Zhu

Chen Zhu

Professor of Geological Sciences


Office:   MSBII 424
Phone:   812-856-1884

Educational Background

  • Ph.D., Johns Hopkins University

Research Interests

CO2-Water-Rock Interactions, Geological Carbon sequestration, Aqueous geochemistry

See Details on the Research Web Page

Courses Taught

G171, Environmental Geology

G586, Geochemical Modeling

G451, Principles of Hydrogeology

Awards and Honors

Fulbright Scholarship, 2009

The John Hem Excellence in Science and Engineering Award, National Ground Water Association, 2006

Lilly Freshman Learning Project Fellow (teaching), Indiana University, 2006

Fellow, Geological Society of America, 2005

Guest Professorship, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology (ETH), Switzerland, 2004

Senior Associateship Award, National Research Council, the National Academy of Sciences, 2003

Post-doctoral Fellowship, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution

Gilman Fellowship, The Johns Hopkins University

J. Brian Eby Fellowship, The Johns Hopkins University

Waters Fellowship, The Johns Hopkins University

Bauernschmidt Fellowship, The Johns Hopkins University

H. V. Ellsworth Prize in Mineralogy, University of Toronto


Associate Editor, Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 2005-Present

Associate Editor, Ground Water, 2003-2005

Associate Editor, Journal of Contaminant Hydrology, 2002-2006; 2008Present

Member, proposal review panel, National Science Foundation, 2006

Member, proposal review panel, Department of Energy, 2006

Member, proposal review panel, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, 2003

Member, proposal review panel, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, 2001

Member, Faculty Advisory Board for The Alliance for Graduate Education and the Professoriate (AGEP), Indiana University Bloomington

Member, Owen Award Committee (2005-2006)

Member, Associate Instructor Assignment Committee (2005-)

Faculty meeting recorder (2004-2005)



Zhu, C. and Greg Anderson (2002), Environmental Applications of Geochemical Modeling. Cambridge University Press, London, ISBN 0-521-80907-X; 0-521-00577-9 (pb), 304 p.

(Click here for the book webpage)

Zhu, C., Geochemical modeling of reaction paths and networks. Chapter 12 in Thermodynamics and Kinetics of Water-rock Interactions. E.H. Oelkers and J. Schott (eds), Review in Mineralogy and Geochemistry vol.70, pp. 533-569, June 2009.

Refereed Journal Articles (*student authors under Zhu's supervision)

In process

*Liu, F.Y., *Lu, P., Zhu, C., Xiao, Y., Coupled Reactive Transport Modeling of CO2 Sequestration in the Mt. Simon Sandstone Formation, Midwest U.S.A. Submitted to The International Journal of Green House Gas Control January 2010.

*Liu, F.Y., *Lu, P., Griffth, C., Hedges, S.W., Zhu, C., CO2–Caprock–brine interaction: Reactivity Experiments on Eau Claire Shale and a Review of literature. To be submitted to The International Journal of Green House Gas Control.

*Lu, P., Zhu, C., Coupled Alkali Feldspar Dissolution and Secondary Mineral Precipitation in Batch Systems: 2 Effects of CO2 and implications for carbon sequestration. To be submitted to Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta.

*Lu, P., Zhu, C., Nuhfer, N. T., and Kelly,Pb2+ coprecipitation with iron oxyhydroxide nano-particles. To be submitted to Journal of Colloids Sciences and Interfaces.

McKnight-Whitford, A., Chen, B., Naranmandura, H., Zhu, C. andLe, X.C., High concentrations of monomethylarsonous acid detected in contaminated groundwater. To be submitted to Environmental Sciences & Technology.

*Lu, P., Zhu, C. Arsenic Eh–pH Diagrams at 25°C and 1 bar. Environmental Earth Sciences, Accepted.


Zhu C., and Kipfer, R., Noble Gas Evidence for the Passing of the Southern Branch of Jet Streams in Late Pleistocene over Black Mesa, Arizona, USA, Geology, v.38, no.1, 83-86; doi:10.1130/G30369.1

*Lu, P, Fu, Q., Seyfried, W.E. Jr, *Hereford, A.G., Zhu, C. Navajo Sandstone-Brine-CO2 interaction: Implications for Geological Carbon Sequestration. Environmental Earth Sciences, doi:10.1007/s12665-010-0501-y.

*Liu, F.Y., Le, C, McKnight-Whitford, A., Xia, Y., Wu, F., Elswick, E., Johnson, C.C., Zhu, C., Antimony Speciation and Contamination of Waters in Xikuangshan Sb Mining and Smelting Area, China. Environmental Geochemistry and Health, doi:10.1007/s10653-010-9284-z.

Zhu, C., Lu, P., Zheng, Z., Ganor, J., Coupled Alkali Feldspar Dissolution and Secondary Mineral Precipitation in Batch Systems: 4. Numerical modeling of reaction path. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta. doi:10.1016/j.gca.2010.04.012.


Zhu, C., and Lu, P., Alkali Feldspar Dissolution and Secondary Mineral Precipitation in Batch Systems: 3. Saturation States of Product Minerals and Reaction Paths. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta. v.73, p.3171-3120. doi:10.1016/j.gca.2009.03.015.

Georg, R. B., Zhu, C. Reynolds, R.C., and Halliday, A.N. (2009) Stable silicon isotopes of groundwater, feldspars, and clay coatings in the Navajo Sandstone aquifer, Black Mesa, Arizona, USA. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, v.73, 229-2241.

Fu, Q., P Lu, H. Konishi, R. Dilmore, H. Xu, W. E. Seyfried, Jr., and C. Zhu. Coupled alkali-feldspar Dissolution and Secondary Mineral Precipitation in Batch Systems: 1. New Experimental Data at 200°C and 300 bars. Chemical Geology, 91(3), 955-964.

Yang, C., Samper, J., Zhu, C., Jones, S.B., Numerical modeling of the development of a preferentially leached layer on feldspar surfaces. Environmental Geology, v.57, p. 1639-1647.


Kelly, S., Lu, P., Newville, M.G., Bolin, T., Chattopadhyay, S., Shibata, T., Zhu, C., Molecular structure of Lead (II) coprecipitated with Iron(III) oxyhydroxide. Chapter 3 in Adsorption of Metals by Geomedia II: Variables, Mechanisms, and Model Applications. M. Barnett and D. Kent (ed.), pp. 69-96, Developments in Earth and Environmental Sciences 7, Elsevier.

Dilmore, R., Lu, P., Soong, Y. , Allen, Hedges, H., Fu, J. K., Dobbs, C., Degalbo, A., Zhu, C., Sequestration of CO2 in mixtures of bauxite residue and saline waste water. Energy and Fuels,v 22, No.1, p. 343-353


Yang, C., Park, M., and Zhu, C., An expanded method to estimate in situ kinetic rates from push-pull tests with non-zero background concentrations. Environmental Geosciences and Engineering, v. 13, no.4 p. 345-354.

Hereford, A. G., Keating, E., Guthrie, G., Zhu, C., Reactions and reaction rates in the aquifer beneath Pajarit Plateau, north-central New Mexico. Environmental Geology. v. 52, No. 5, p.965-977, DOI: 10.1007/s00254-006-0539-z.[pdf]

Duan, Z., Sun, R., and Liu, R., and Zhu, C., Accurate thermodynamic model for H2S solubility in pure water and brines. Energy and Fuels v. 21, 2056-2065.

Hu, J, Duan, Z, Zhu, C., and Chou, I., PVTx properties of the CO2–H2O and CO2–H2O-NaCl systems below 647K: Assessment of experimental data and thermodynamic models. Chemical Geology v. 238, p.249267. [pdf]

Ganor, J., Lu, P., Zheng, Z., and Zhu, C., Bridging the gap between laboratory measurements and field estimations of weathering using simple calculations. Environmental Geology. DOI 10.1007/s00254-007-0675-0. [pdf]


Zhu, C., D.R., Blum, A.E, Chipera, S. Naturally weathered feldspar surfaces in the Navajo Sandstone aquifer, Black Mesa, Arizona: Electron microscopic characterization. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta v. 70, no.18, 4600-4616, doi:10.1016/j.gca.2006.07.013. [pdf]

Strazisar, B. R., Zhu, C., and Hedges, S. W., Preliminary modeling of the long-term fate of CO2 following injection into deep geological formations. Environmental Geosciences v.13, no.1, 1-15, 2006. [pdf]

Stubbs, J. E., Elbert, D. C., Veblen, D. R., Zhu, C., Electron microbeam investigation of uranium-contaminated soils from Oak Ridge, TN, USA. Environmental Science and Technology 40, 2108-2113, 2006. [pdf]

Duan, Z., Sun, R., Zhu, C. and Chou, I., An improved model for the calculation of CO2 solubility in aqueous solutions containing Na+, K+, Ca2+, Mg2+, Cl-, and SO42-. Marine Chemistry v.98, 131-139. [abstract] [pdf]


Zhu, C. Feldspar dissolution in saturated aquifers: In situ rates. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta v. 69, No.6, 1435-1453. [pdf]

Martin, S., Zhu, C., Rule, J., Nuhfer, N. T., Ford, R., Hedges, S. Yee, S. A high resolution TEM-AEM, pH titration, and modeling study of Zn2+ coprecipitation with ferrihydrite. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta v. 69, No.6, 1543-1553. [pdf]


Zhu, C. Coprecipitation in the barite isostructural family: 1. Binary mixing properties. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta v. 68, No.16, 3327-3337. [pdf]

Zhu, C. Coprecipitation in the Barite Isostructural Family: 2 Numerical simulations of precipitation kinetics and reactive transport. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta v. 68, No.16, 3339-3349. [pdf]

Zhu, C., A.E. Blum, D.R. Veblen Feldspar dissolution rates and clay precipitation in the Navajo aquifer at Black Mesa, Arizona, USA. Proceedings of the 11th Water/Rock Interaction Conference, Saratoga Springs, New York, pp. 895-899. [pdf]

Soong, Y., Allen, D.E., McCarthy-Jone, J.R., Harrison D.K., Hedges, S.H., Baltrus, J.P., and Zhu, C. Preliminary experimental results of CO2 sequestration with brine. Proceedings of the 11th International Symposium on Water/Rock Interaction WRI-11, June 27-2 July 2004, Saratoga Springs, New York, 597-600.


Zhu, C., Winterle, J. R., and Love, E. I., Estimate of Pleistocene and Holocene recharge rates from the chloride mass balance method and chloride-36 data. Water Resources Research, v.39(7), 1182. [pdf]

Zhu, C., A case against Kd-based transport model: Natural attenuation at a mill tailings site, Computer and Geosciences, v.29, 351-359. [pdf]


Zhu, C., Anderson, G. M., and Burden, D. S. Natural attenuation reactions at a uranium mill tailings site, western USA, Ground Water, v. 40, no. 1-2, 5-13.

Zhu, C. Estimation of surface precipitation constants from linear free energy correlation, Chemical Geology vol. 188, 23-32. [pdf]


Zhu, C., and Burden, D.S., Mineralogical compositions of aquifer matrix as necessary initial conditions in reactive contaminant transport models, Journal of Contaminant Hydrology v. 51 no. 3-4, 145-161. [pdf]

Penn, R.L., Zhu, C., Xu, H., and Veblen, D.R., "Iron oxide" coatings on sand grains from the Atlantic coastal plain: HRTEM characterization, Geology, v. 29, no. 9, 843-846. [pdf]

Zhu, C., F. Q. Hu, and D. S. Burden, Multi-component reactive transport modeling of natural attenuation of an acid ground water plume at a uranium mill tailings site. Journal of Contaminant Hydrology, v. 52, no. 1-2, 85-108. [pdf]


Zhu, C., Estimate of recharge from radiocarbon dating of groundwater and numerical flow and transport modeling, Water Resources Research, v.36, No. 9, 2607-2620. [pdf]

Zhu, C., and W.M. Murphy, On radiocarbon dating of ground water. Ground Water. v. 38, no. 6, pp. 802-804. [pdf]