Professor of Geological Sciences
Office: MSBII 424
- Ph.D., Johns Hopkins University
CO2-Water-Rock Interactions, Geological Carbon sequestration, Aqueous geochemistry
See Details on the Research Web Page
G171, Environmental Geology
G586, Geochemical Modeling
G451, Principles of Hydrogeology
Awards and Honors
Fulbright Scholarship, 2009
The John Hem Excellence in Science and Engineering Award, National Ground Water Association, 2006
Lilly Freshman Learning Project Fellow (teaching), Indiana University, 2006
Fellow, Geological Society of America, 2005
Guest Professorship, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology (ETH), Switzerland, 2004
Senior Associateship Award, National Research Council, the National Academy of Sciences, 2003
Post-doctoral Fellowship, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution
Gilman Fellowship, The Johns Hopkins University
J. Brian Eby Fellowship, The Johns Hopkins University
Waters Fellowship, The Johns Hopkins University
Bauernschmidt Fellowship, The Johns Hopkins University
H. V. Ellsworth Prize in Mineralogy, University of Toronto
Associate Editor, Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 2005-Present
Associate Editor, Ground Water, 2003-2005
Associate Editor, Journal of Contaminant Hydrology, 2002-2006; 2008Present
Member, proposal review panel, National Science Foundation, 2006
Member, proposal review panel, Department of Energy, 2006
Member, proposal review panel, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, 2003
Member, proposal review panel, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, 2001
Member, Faculty Advisory Board for The Alliance for Graduate Education and the Professoriate (AGEP), Indiana University Bloomington
Member, Owen Award Committee (2005-2006)
Member, Associate Instructor Assignment Committee (2005-)
Faculty meeting recorder (2004-2005)
Zhu, C. and Greg Anderson (2002), Environmental Applications of Geochemical Modeling. Cambridge University Press, London, ISBN 0-521-80907-X; 0-521-00577-9 (pb), 304 p.
(Click here for the book webpage)
Zhu, C., Geochemical modeling of reaction paths and networks. Chapter 12 in Thermodynamics and Kinetics of Water-rock Interactions. E.H. Oelkers and J. Schott (eds), Review in Mineralogy and Geochemistry vol.70, pp. 533-569, June 2009.
Siegel, D.I., Dasgupta, S., Zhu, C., Chanton, J., and Glaser, P.H. (submitted). Geochemical Mixing in Peatland Waters: The Role of Organic Acids. Wet Land.
He, H., Zhu, C., and Liu, Y. (submitted). First principles calculation on equilibrium Si isotope fractionation factors and its implementation on Si isotope distributions in Earth surface environments. Earth and Planetary Letters.
Ji, X. and Zhu, C. (submitted). CO2 storage in deep saline aquifers (submitted). In Novel Materials for Carbon Dioxide Mitigation Technology, Elsevier.
Lu, P., Oelkers, E.H., Konishi, H., and Zhu, C. (2015) Coupled Alkali Feldspar Dissolution and Secondary Mineral Precipitation in Batch Systems: 5. Results of K-feldspar hydrolysis experiments. Chinese Journal of Geochemistry.
Zhu, C., Liu. Z., Schaefer, A., Wang, C., Zhang, G., Gruber, C., Ganor, G., and Georg, R.B. (2014) Silicon isotopes as a new method of measuring silicate mineral reaction rates at ambient temperature. Procedia: Earth and Planetary Sciences, Geochemistry of Earth’s Surface GES-10, 10:189-193. DOI
Gruber, C., Zhu, C., Georg, R.B., Zakon, J., and Ganor, J. (2014) Resolving the gap between laboratory and field rates of feldspar weathering. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 147:90–106. DOI
Zhu, C., Zhang, G.R., Lu, P., Meng, L.F., and Ji, X. (2014) Benchmark modeling of the Sleipner CO2 plume: Calibration to seismic data for the uppermost layer and model sensitivity analysis. The International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control.
Zhu, C. and Lu, P. (2013) Coupling of dissolution and precipitation reactions as the main contributor to the apparent discrepancy between lab and field reaction rates. Procedia of Earth and Planetary Sciences. International Symposium on Water-Rock Interaction WRI-14, 7: 948-952. DOI
Ji, X. and Zhu, C (2013) A SAFT Equation of State for the H2S-CO2-H2O-NaCl system and applications for CO2-H2S transportation and geological storage. Energy Procedia. 37: 3780-3791.DOI
Ji, X. and Zhu C. (2012) Predicting possible effects of H2S impurity on CO2 transportation and geological storage. Environmental Science & Technology. 47: 55-62 DOI
Zhu, C. G. Rehrey, B. Treadwell, C. C. Johnson, (2012) Looking Back to Move Ahead: How Students Learn Deep Geological Time by Predicting Future Environmental Impacts. Journal of College Science Teaching 41(3), 61-66.
Liu, Y., P. Lu, C. Griffith, Y. Soong, S.W. Hedges, Hellevang, H., and C. Zhu (2012) CO-caprock-brine interaction: Reactivity experiments on Eau Claire Shale and a review of literature. The International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control. (7)153–167, DOI
Lu, P., Fu, Q., Seyfried Jr., WE, Jones, K., and Zhu, C., Coupled alkali feldspar dissolution and secondary mineral precipitation in batch systems: 2. Effects of CO2 and implications for carbon sequestration. Applied Geochemistry 30: 75-90, DOI
Zhu, C. (2011) Current Status of Geochemical Modeling. In Environmental and Geological Studies, Encyclopedia of Sustainability Science and Technology, Robert A. Meyers (Ed.), Springer. DOI
Zhu, C. and FW Schwartz, Hydrogeochemical processes and their controls – influence on water quality and water management. Elements v. 7 (3), 169-174. (June 2011). [This material is partly based upon work supported by the National Science Foundation under Grant No. EAR0809903]
Oelkers, OH, Hering, J, Zhu, C. (2011) Water: Is there a global crisis. Elements v. 7 (3), 157-162.
Zhu, C. (2011) The globalization of Chinese geosciences: A threat or an opportunity? Elements 7 (6), 368-367.
Lu, P., N. T. Nuhfer, S. Kelly, Q. Li, H. Konishi, Erika Elswick, A. Schimmelmann, C. Zhu. (2011) Pb2+ coprecipitation with iron oxyhydroxide nano-particles. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta v.75, 4527-4621, DOI
Liu, Faye (Yifei), P. Lu, C. Zhu, Y. Xiao (2011) Coupled reactive transport modeling of CO2 Sequestration in the Mt. Simon Sandstone Formation, Midwest U.S.A. The International Journal of Green House Gas Control, v.52 (2), 294-307. DOI
Lu P. and Zhu C. (2011) Arsenic Eh-pH Diagrams at 25°C and 1 bar. Environmental Earth Sciences,v 62(8), 1673-1683. DOI [This material is partly based upon work supported by the National Science Foundation under Grant No. EAR0809903]
Lu, P, Fu, Q., Seyfried, W.E. Jr, Hereford, A.G., Zhu, C. Navajo Sandstone-Brine-CO2 interaction: Implications for Geological Carbon Sequestration. Environmental Earth Sciences, 62(1), 101-118. DOI
Su, W., Hongtao Zhang, Ruizhong Hu, Xi Ge, Bin Xia, Y. Chen, and C. Zhu, Mineralogy and geochemistry of gold-bearing arsenian pyrite from the Shuiyindong Carlin-type gold deposit, Guizhou, China: Implications for gold depositional processes. Mineralium Deposita.DOI
Pham, V.T.H. , P. Lu, P. Aagaard, C. Zhu, H. Hellevang, On the potential of CO2-water-rock interactions for CO2 storage using a modified kinetic model. The International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control. DOI
Zhu C., and Kipfer, R., Noble Gas Evidence for the Passing of the Southern Branch of Jet Streams in Late Pleistocene over Black Mesa, Arizona, USA, Geology, v.38, no.1, 83-86; DOI
*Lu, P, Fu, Q., Seyfried, W.E. Jr, *Hereford, A.G., Zhu, C. Navajo Sandstone-Brine-CO2 interaction: Implications for Geological Carbon Sequestration. Environmental Earth Sciences, DOI.
*Liu, F.Y., Le, C, McKnight-Whitford, A., Xia, Y., Wu, F., Elswick, E., Johnson, C.C., Zhu, C., Antimony Speciation and Contamination of Waters in Xikuangshan Sb Mining and Smelting Area, China. Environmental Geochemistry and Health DOI.
Zhu, C., Lu, P., Zheng, Z., Ganor, J., Coupled Alkali Feldspar Dissolution and Secondary Mineral Precipitation in Batch Systems: 4. Numerical modeling of reaction path. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta. DOI.
Zhu, C., and Lu, P., Alkali Feldspar Dissolution and Secondary Mineral Precipitation in Batch Systems: 3. Saturation States of Product Minerals and Reaction Paths. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta. v.73, p.3171-3120. DOI.
Georg, R. B., Zhu, C. Reynolds, R.C., and Halliday, A.N. (2009) Stable silicon isotopes of groundwater, feldspars, and clay coatings in the Navajo Sandstone aquifer, Black Mesa, Arizona, USA. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, v.73, 229-2241.
Fu, Q., P Lu, H. Konishi, R. Dilmore, H. Xu, W. E. Seyfried, Jr., and C. Zhu. Coupled alkali-feldspar Dissolution and Secondary Mineral Precipitation in Batch Systems: 1. New Experimental Data at 200°C and 300 bars. Chemical Geology, 91(3), 955-964.
Yang, C., Samper, J., Zhu, C., Jones, S.B., Numerical modeling of the development of a preferentially leached layer on feldspar surfaces. Environmental Geology, v.57, p. 1639-1647.
Refereed Journal Articles (*student authors under Zhu’s supervision)
*Liu, F.Y., *Lu, P., Zhu, C., Xiao, Y., Coupled Reactive Transport Modeling of CO2 Sequestration in the Mt. Simon Sandstone Formation, Midwest U.S.A. Submitted to The International Journal of Green House Gas Control January 2010.
*Liu, F.Y., *Lu, P., Griffth, C., Hedges, S.W., Zhu, C., CO2–Caprock–brine interaction: Reactivity Experiments on Eau Claire Shale and a Review of literature. To be submitted to The International Journal of Green House Gas Control.
*Lu, P., Zhu, C., Coupled Alkali Feldspar Dissolution and Secondary Mineral Precipitation in Batch Systems: 2 Effects of CO2 and implications for carbon sequestration. To be submitted to Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta.
*Lu, P., Zhu, C., Nuhfer, N. T., and Kelly, Pb2+ coprecipitation with iron oxyhydroxide nano-particles. To be submitted to Journal of Colloids Sciences and Interfaces.
McKnight-Whitford, A., Chen, B., Naranmandura, H., Zhu, C. and Le, X.C., High concentrations of monomethylarsonous acid detected in contaminated groundwater. To be submitted to Environmental Sciences & Technology.
*Lu, P., Zhu, C. Arsenic Eh–pH Diagrams at 25°C and 1 bar. Environmental Earth Sciences, Accepted.